Body Analysis

According to Ayurveda, the five elements (fire, earth, water, air & space) in their biological form combine to form three basic energies in the body. These three basic energies are the primary life forces or biological humors, called doshas in Ayurveda. These three primary doshas are vata, pitta and kapha. They help regulate physical functionings within our body, besides providing us with our individual physical characteristics.

The constitution of a person is primarily determined by the dominant dosha. Your predominant dosha could be any one of the three, a combination of any two or all the three in a balanced form.

  • Vata
  • Pitta
  • Kapha
  • Vata-Pitta
  • Vata-Kapha
  • Pitta-Kapha

To find out your Body Prakrithi, please take the below test.

Physical Profile:

Quantity of hair Average Thin Thick
Bowel movements Dry,Constipated Several Times,soft Heavy,Slow
Complexion Darker Pink-Red Pale-White
Eyes Small Medium Large
Hair Type & Color Dry,Brown color Reddish,Soft & Oily Oily,Dark brown,black
Skin temparature Cold hands & feet Warm Cool
Size of Teeth Large,Small Small-Medium Medium-Large
Weight Thin,hard to gain Medium Heavy,Easily gains
Conjunctiva Blue,Brown Yellow/ red Glossy white
         

Emotional Profile

Express Affection With words With Gifts With Touch
Emotional Tauma causes Anxiety Denial Depression
Mood Quickly Changes Changes Slowly Steady unchanging
Reacts to stress with Own feelings Anger Indefference
Sensitive towards Changes Not sensitive Other feelings
When threatened tend to Run Fight Make Peace
Relationship Clingy Jealous Secure
WhenHurt Cries Argues Withdraws
Confidence Level Timid Self-Confidence Inner Confidence
       

Behavioural Profile

Achieving Goals Distracted Easily Focussed Slow & Steady
Eating Speed Quick Medium Slow
Finances Doesn't save,Spends quickly Saves,big spender Saves regularly,accumalates wealth
Friendship Quick & short Term Longer,Occupational related Long lasting
Food & Drink Warm Cold Dry & warm
Hunger Level Irregular Needs food when Hungry Can miss meals
Donation Small Amounts Nothin or Large amounts Regular donation & generous
Works Best While Supervised Alone In Groups
Reaction to Stress Quickly Excited Medium Slow to get excited

Mental profile

Ability To learn Grasps very fast Medium to grasp Slow to learn
Dreams Fearful,flying,running Angry,fiery,Violent Cloud,Romance
Concentration Short term best Better than average Good ability for longterm rememberance
Mental Activity Quick mind,restless Sharp,intellect,aggressive Calm,steady ,stable
Memory Short term Good memory Best
Thoughts Changes constatntly Some what steady Stable & fixed
Sleep Interrupted,light Sound,Medium Heavy.Long
Speech Fast Sharp,Clear cut Slow clear
Voice High pitch Medium Pitch Low Pitch
         
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Ayurveda - The science of life

In Sanskrit, Ayurveda means "the science of life" - ayur meaning life and veda meaning "related to knowledge or science". It is a system of traditional medicine devised and practiced in India for about four thousand years based on the premise that Universe, including the human body is comprised of five basic elements: air, water, fire, space, and earth. There is a balanced condensation of these elements in different proportions to suit the needs and requirements of different structures and functions of the body matrix and its parts.

Life in Ayurveda is conceived as the union of body, senses, mind and soul. The living man is a conglomeration of three Humors - Vata (wind/air), Pitta (bile), and Kapha (phlegm), seven basic tissues (Rass, Rakta, Mansa, Meda, asthi, Majja, & Shukra) and the waste products of the body. The growth and decay of this body matrix and its constituents revolve around food, which gets processed into humors, tissues and wastes.

Health or sickness depends on the presence or absence of a balanced state of the total body matrix including the balance between its different constituents. So when the three Humors or Energies- Vata, Pitta , and Kapha are in a balanced state, the body is healthy, and when imbalanced, the body has diseases. Ayurveda balances these elements through a combination of herbal medicines, essential oils, massage and meditation/exercise.

Diagnosis is always done of the patient as a whole. The physician takes a careful note of the patient's internal physiological characteristics and mental disposition. He/She also studies other factors such as the affected bodily tissues, humors, the site at which the disease is located, patient's resistance and vitality, his daily routine, dietary habits, and the gravity of the clinical conditions and a general physical and pulse examination.

Treatment of the disease involves addressing the causes responsible for disequilibria of the body matrix or any of its constituent parts through the use of Panchkarma procedures, medicines, suitable diet, activity and regimen for restoring the balance and strengthening the body mechanisms.

In 1970, the Indian Medical Central Council Act was passed by the Parliament of India, which aims to standardize qualifications for Ayurveda and provide accredited institutions for its study and research. There are now around 100 colleges in India offering degrees in traditional Ayurvedic medicine some of them supported by the Indian Government which promotes research and teaching in Ayurveda through many chanels at both the national and state levels.

The Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery (BAMS) is the dominant five and a half years course, inclusive of one year of internship, leading to graduation. It includes studies in both modern medicine and clinical surgery (Allopathy) and Ayurveda. Modern medicine covers eighteen different streams inclusive of physiology, pharmacology, pathology, pediatrics, and anatomy. Specific Ayurveda studies include the Charak Samhita text (arguably the principal classic reference on Ayurveda), history and evolution of Ayurveda, identification and use of herbs, and Ayurvedic philosophy in diagnostics and treatment.

In many countries, Health Organization statistics demonstrate the popularity of traditional medicine as the primary system of healthcare. In Sri Lanka, for example, the number of traditional Ayurveda practitioners is greater than trained modern medicine professionals. In Kerala, India - renowned for its Ayurvedic centers and also home base of Keva Ayurveda, Ayurveda is the region's official state supported system of heathcare.

Ayurvedic Body Types

There are two distinct, yet inter-related, classifications of a person in Ayurveda. The first relates to the body, and the second to the mind. Your nature is determined by this combination of body and mind types, and is known as your prakriti. Prakriti means "nature". When referring to the theory of creation, it is the unmanifested nature of cosmic matter. When referring to humans, prakriti means the unique physical and psychological nature displayed.

Knowing your dosha and guna provides you with an understanding of your basic physical and psychological nature, and helps you tailor a personal diet and lifestyle that maintains optimum health and peace of mind. Each person has a unique dosha with unique nutritional needs. Establishing your dosha enables you determine suitable diets, exercise and lifestyles to maintain balance. This is the key to maintaining health.

Definition of dosha

It is difficult to translate the precise meaning of dosha. It is often translated as "biological type" or physical constitution. This definition allows a simple and easy understanding of the concept. However, the original definition of dosha is more complex. In Sanskrit, dosha is defined as "doosyati iti doshah." The literal meaning of this is "that which contaminates is called dosha." So doshas may be considered the pathogenic factors, or disease-causing agents in the body. Imbalance of vata, pitta and kapha doshas cause disease in the body. Dosha only refers to the three biological energies of vata, pitta and kapha. As an imbalance of these elemental combinations is the direct cause of physical disease, they are the prime disease causing factors (the "contaminants"). Secondary factors in the disease process, like body tissues (dhatus), toxins (ama) and waste materials (malas) are actually the product of, or dependent upon, an imbalance in the doshas.

The Body Types - Prakriti

Knowing your prakriti helps you to tailor a personal diet and lifestyle that can prevent disease and physical disorders, and obtain peace of mind. It provides you with an understanding of your basic physical and psychological nature, and how to keep it in balance with your surroundings. This is the key to maintaining health.

Every human usually has varying degrees of vata, pitta and kapha. The doshas are usually not present in equal proportions. In most people there is a natural uneven distribution. Very rarely, a person may have a completely even distribution of doshas.

Although we each have characteristics of vata, pitta or kapha to different degrees, one of these elemental natures will dominate and that is the "main" dosha. The secondary dosha is the one present in the next highest proportion. Every dosha type or combination is acknowledged in Ayurveda, which lists seven separate physical constitution types based on the basic three:

  • Vata
  • Vata-Pitta
  • Vata-Kapha
  • Pitta
  • Pitta-Kapha
  • Kapha
  • Vata-Kapha

Vata Type

People with a predominant vata dosha display physical and emotional characteristics linked to the elemental qualities of space/akasha and air/vayu. They are very active - mobile, restless and energetic. They have fast metabolisms, so are often thin with little muscle development and protruding joints that may make cracking noises. Their skin is dry, rough and thin with visible veins.

Sleeping, eating and personal habits are irregular and erratic, with appetite and sexual desire varying between extremes. They sleep lightly, are easily disturbed and prone to insomnia. Their speech and movement is usually fast, and they are talkative and enjoy all forms of communication. Their pulse is fast, weak and irregular. They dislike cold, windy or dry environments and feel chilled quickly or shiver easily. Extremities (hands and feet) are often cold, or become cold easily.

Mentally and emotionally they are rapid. They gather information or display emotions quickly, or determine swiftly whether they like or dislike something. While they learn quickly and are usually intellectual, their retention is poor. Money is spent quickly and impulsively. They demonstrate high creativity, innovation and sensitivity.

Individuals with this nature are introspective, shy, modest and lacking in confidence. They are often unsettled and impatient, but very flexible and adaptable to change. People with vata dosha often feel anxious, worried or stressed - especially in unfamiliar, cramped or noisy environments. They are most likely to be loners, or non-conformists.

Pitta Type

People with a pitta dosha display an inherent fire/agni elemental character. They are of medium build, with greater muscular development than that displayed by vata. Their skin is soft and warm, and they have a lot of body heat and often perspire excessively. Their hair is thin and often reddish or blond, and they may experience premature graying, baldness or excessive hair loss. Their skin flushes easily and they often have many freckles and moles. Their skin develops acne, rashes, bruises or sunburn easily.

Their desires (appetite, sex) are strong in nature. Sleep is moderate and not easily disturbed. The pulse is strong and stable. Individuals with pitta dosha predominant speak loudly and passionately, and often dominate the conversation. They have an aversion to hot weather, sunlight and heat, and their eyes are sensitive.

In temperament, they are extroverted and love to be the focus of attention. Although they can usually control their emotions, they may become irritable, angry and judgmental under stress. Money is prudently managed. They are decisive, aggressive, ambitious and determined, often aspiring to positions of leadership. They enjoy competitive sports and games, either as spectators or participants. Their intelligence is high, and they have good insight and a keen sense of discrimination.

Kapha Type

People with a predominant kapha dosha tend to have a heavy and solid, or large build. They are often overweight, gain weight easily and have high muscle development (plump and round). Their skin is thick, smooth and moist with few wrinkles. Their complexion is usually clear, fair or pale, and hair is oily, thick and wavy. Their teeth are strong, white and well formed.

People of the kapha type have a moderate or low appetite and slow digestion. They enjoy eating gourmet or luxury foods (that appeal to taste and smell) or buying and preparing food. In movement and activity, they tend to be slow and methodical, with a lot of endurance. However, they are sluggish and lethargic or difficult to motivate. They are prone to sleep heavily and excessively. Their pulse is slow, steady and regular. They have a pleasant appearance and voice. Those with kapha dosha dislike damp conditions.

In temperament, they prefer familiar surroundings and tradition. They learn slowly, but have excellent memories. Money is hoarded (or they are thrifty) and they are good, stable providers. Typically, they are serene and tranquil and their emotions are slow to become excited or aroused. However, they can be sentimental, nostalgic and romantic in nature. They are highly tolerant and forgiving, with medium intelligence. They prefer to belong to a group, club or community. They cling to their family or familiar associations.

You cannot change your elemental nature or dosha. For instance, if you wish to acquire kapha qualities, you cannot do so by eating a lot of food high in kapha elements of water/jala and earth/prithvi. By doing so, you will only disturb your primary dosha. Changing your nature through acquiring positive qualities, and minimizing negative temperamental characteristics, is the role of the mind.

When you are healthy, you are generally instinctively attracted to foods and activities similar in elemental composition to your own body. When you are sick and the elements are unbalanced, you are attracted to those foods opposite in nature. For example, if you are suffering from a cold, or chest congestion (due to an imbalance in kapha), you usually choose to avoid those foods that are kapha in nature such as dairy products, or heavy and oily foods.

Vata Prakrithi

People with a predominant vata dosha display physical and emotional characteristics linked to the elemental qualities of space/akasha and air/vayu. They are very active - mobile, restless and energetic. They have fast metabolisms, so are often thin with little muscle development and protruding joints that may make cracking noises. Their skin is dry, rough and thin with visible veins.

Do's

  • Sweet, sour & salty foods are good.
  • Grains like rice, wheat, cooked oats, and millets are good.
  • Cooked vegetables like onion, garlic, carrot, beans, and radish are good.

  • Fruits like grapes, bananas, berries, lemon, mangoes, melon, and pineapple are good.
  • Non vegetarian food can be taken only the digestive power is strong.
  • Sesame oil & ghee are good.
  • Obtain adequate sleep.
  • Mental calmness & optimism must be cultivated.
  • Simple exercises like yogic asanas & pranayama can be followed.

Dont's

  • Avoid exertion, excess sex & alcohol.
  • Avoid over eating & eating dry foods like biscuits, chips etc.
  • Avoid cool, spicy, bitter, astringent items.

Pitta Prakrithi

People with a pitta dosha display an inherent fire/agni elemental character. They are of medium build, with greater muscular development than that displayed by vata. Their skin is soft and warm, and they have a lot of body heat and often perspire excessively. Their hair is thin and often reddish or blond, and they may experience premature graying, baldness or excessive hair loss. Their skin flushes easily and they often have many freckles and moles. Their skin develops acne, rashes, bruises or sunburn easily.

Do's

  • Sweet, bitter & astringent tasted foods are good.
  • Cold potency food & cold atmosphere is beneficial.
  • Vegetable like cucumber, potatoes, Leafy vegetables, sprouts, watermelon, beans are beneficial.
  • Grains like rice, wheat, barley are good.
  • Moderate exercises yogic asanas, swimming is good.

Dont's

  • Avoid excess salt, sour & spicy foods.
  • Avoid sour fruits apart from gooseberry, apples, figs, grapes, pomegranate and cherries.
  • Avoid anger.

Kapha Prakrithi

People with a predominant kapha dosha tend to have a heavy and solid, or large build. They are often overweight, gain weight easily and have high muscle development (plump and round). Their skin is thick, smooth and moist with few wrinkles. Their complexion is usually clear, fair or pale, and hair is oily, thick and wavy. Their teeth are strong, white and well formed.

Do's

  • Bitter, astringent & pungent tasted foods are good.
  • Hot potency food & hot atmosphere are beneficial.
  • All bitter vegetables are indicated.
  • Spices like garlic, ginger, turmeric, pepper are good for health.
  • Grains like barley, millet & corn are good.
  • Sesame oil is the ideal choice.

Dont's

  • Avoid sweet, sour & salt substances in excess.
  • Avoid fat & dairy products.
  • Avoid non vegetarian food.
  • Avoid day sleep.

Vata-Pitta Prakrithi

Do's

  • Vegetable like cucumber, potatoes, Leafy vegetables, sprouts, watermelon, beans are beneficial.
  • Grains like rice, wheat, barley are good.
  • Moderate exercises yogic asanas, swimming is good.Cooked vegetables like onion, garlic, carrot, beans and radish are good.
  • Obtain adequate sleep.

Dont's

  • Avoid excess salt, sour & spicy foods.
  • Avoid sour fruits apart from gooseberry, apples, figs, grapes, pomegranate, cherries.
  • Avoid anger.

 

Pitta- Kapha Prakrithi

Do's

  • All bitter vegetables are indicated.
  • Grains like barley, millet & corn are good.
  • Bitter, astringent tasted foods are good.
  • Moderate exercises yogic asanas, swimming is good.

Dont's

  • Avoid day sleep.
  • Avoid sweet, sour & salt substances in excess.
  • Avoid excess salt, sour & spicy foods.

Kapha - Vata Prakrithi

Do's

  • Cooked vegetables like onion, garlic, carrot, beans, and radish are good.
  • Non vegetarian food can be taken only the digestive power is strong.
  • Sesame oil is the ideal choice.
  • Fruits like grapes, bananas, berries, lemon, mangoes, melon, and pineapple are good.
  • Hot potency food & hot atmosphere are beneficial.
  • Spices like garlic, ginger, turmeric, pepper are good for health.
  • Moderate exercises yogic asanas, swimming is good.

Dont's

  • Avoid day sleep.
  • Avoid over eating & eating dry foods like biscuits, chips etc.
  • Avoid cool, spicy, bitter, astringent items.
  • Avoid sweet, sour & salt substances in excess.

 

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